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Year of Graduation


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Directing Professor

Dr. Bonnie Bowers


Due to the prevalence of childhood adversity, investigation into possible pathways to resilient outcomes is critical. While prior research has separately investigated relationships between adversity and daydreaming, adversity and future orientation, future orientation and resilient outcomes, and daydreaming and resilient outcomes, no research has yet been conducted in an attempt to synthesize these threads. The present study explores the potential of daydreaming as a dual-mechanistic form of adaptive coping in response to high levels of stress that employs both emotion- and problem-focused aspects. Participants (N =159) completed an online survey consisting of measures of coping behaviors, future oriented cognitions, childhood adversity, and an adaptive daydreaming scale developed for the purpose of this study. Stepwise multiple regression revealed a four-part model of coping and future orientation that predicts adaptive daydreaming. Factorial ANOVAs revealed an interaction effect of adversity and daydreaming on Planning-based coping. Additionally, main effects were found such that those who scored highest on adaptive daydreaming were also high on Positive Reinterpretation and Growth, Planning, Repetitive Thinking about Future Goals, and Positive Indulging about the Future. Implications of these findings are discussed, and suggestions for future research are made.