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Year of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

MALS: Social Sciences

Directing Professor

Andrew Matzner


Many states have alternative options to jail, such as probation and drug court, but none of these alternatives have proven to reduce mass incarceration or recidivism. Despite the many attempts to help reduce the number of people in American jails, we are still not seeing the progress that is needed. This study is designed to look at alternative options for the United States criminal justice system by using other country’s models that have been relatively successful. I will specifically look at the adult criminal justice system and will focus mainly on drug related crimes. The purpose of this study is to discover what other countries are doing well when it comes to their criminal justice systems and to suggest a new model that the United States could adopt.