The following is a collection of papers related to the Hopkins v. Price Waterhouse and the Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins court cases, a seven-year battle against Hopkins’ employer for gender discrimination. Her final victory in 1990 helped to expand workplace discrimination laws to include gender stereotyping. The collection date ranges from 1967-2000 and includes numerous newspaper and periodical articles that document the journey from beginning to end, court transcripts, personal and professional correspondence, materials related to her book So Ordered: Making Partner the Hard Way, a scrapbook album, and other papers. In addition, Hopkins’ personal correspondence (1965-1989) with a former Hollins professor is located in a separate collection: Julia Randall Papers.

Ann Branigar Hopkins was born in December 18, 1943 in Galveston, Texas to Tela Maurine Chiles and William Hopkins. Her father was a career Army officer while her mother worked as a nurse. She attended Hollins College (now University), 1961-1965, receiving her B. A. in Mathematics and an award for Outstanding Achievement in Mathematics. She earned her M.S. in Mathematics at Indiana University (Bloomington) in 1967. In 1974 she married Thomas Peter Gallagher, Jr. and had three children: Tela Margaret Gallagher, Thomas Gilbert Gallagher, and Thomas Peter Gallagher.

Her first job was as a mathematics instructor at Hollins for the 1967-1968 academic year, filling in for a professor on sabbatical. From Hollins, she moved on to IBM and several other corporations before obtaining a position at Price Waterhouse. While at Price Waterhouse, Ms. Hopkins became a candidate for partnership in 1982. In 1983 she learned that she had not been selected, despite past favorable evaluations. Upon discovering she was passed over for several men who had not brought in as much business as she had, Hopkins decided to sue Price Waterhouse for sex discrimination. Consequently she experienced retaliation and harassment by firm officials, who eventually terminated her employment on January 17, 1984.

Her journey took her through the Washington D.C. Federal District Court, the Washington, D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, and the U.S. Supreme Court. There were five separate court cases from 1985-1990. In the meantime, she found employment at the Department of State, as a consultant (1984-1988), and the World Bank in 1988. By May 1990, the courts determined that Hopkins had been discriminated against and should be reinstated at Price Waterhouse as a partner. Price Waterhouse was also instructed to give Hopkins $379,000 in back pay. On February 18, 1991, she was finally able to return to Price Waterhouse.

Hopkins’ story was published as part of a larger book in A Few Good Women by Jane White (published by Prentice Hall in 1992) and she also received invitations for speaking engagements and interviews. Although Hopkins didn’t consider herself a “leading edge person” or a role model, she became one to many women across the country.

At the suggestion of others, Hopkins decided to write her own book. She began work on a manuscript, documenting her journey through the court system. The end result was So Ordered: Making Partner the Hard Way, published by the University of Massachusetts Press, in 1996.

After returning to her job at Price Waterhouse in early 1991, she worked more than a decade for Price Waterhouse (now Price Waterhouse Cooper) before retiring in 2002. Hopkins lived in Washington, D.C. for most of her life until her death on June 23, 2018.

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Correspondence

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Letter from Kathy to Ann Hopkins, February 18, 1970, Kathy (1970)

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Letter from Carmen Eden White to Ann Hopkins, August 26, 1974, Carmen Eden White (1974)

Post Card from Jill Makagon to Ann Hopkins, January 1975, Jill Makagon (1975)

Letter from Jill Makagon to Ann Hopkins, December 1987, Jill Makagon (1987)

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Letter from Mary Curzon to Ann Hopkins, June 28, 1988, Mary Curzon (1988)

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Letter from Susan T. Fiske to Ann Hopkins, August 4, 1988, Susan T. Fiske (1988)

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Letter from Sandy Ludlum Ronan to Ann Hopkins, October 2, 1988, Sandy Ludlum Ronan (1988)

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Letter from Rachel Hecht to Ann Hopkins, November 1, 1988, Rachel Hecht (1988)

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Letter from Lorie Spencer to Tela and Gil, November 1, 1988, Lorie Spencer (1988)

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Letter from Rachel Keynton to Ann Hopkins, November 2, 1988, Rachel Keynton (1988)

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Letter from John to Ann Hopkins, December 24, 1988, John (1988)

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Letter from Roi Bernard to Ann Hopkins,, Roi Bernard (1989)

Post Card from Jill Makagon to Ann Hopkins, March 3, 1989, Jill Makagon (1989)

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Letter from Bo Wilmer to Ann Hopkins, May 1989, Bo Wilmer (1989)

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Letter from M. A. R. Schoen to Ann Hopkins, May 1989, M. A. R. Schoen (1989)

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Letter from Hilary Wademley to Ann Hopkins, May 5, 1989, Hilary Wademley (1989)

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Letter from Elizabeth Anderson Hishon to Ann Hopkins, May 5, 1989, Elizabeth Anderson Hishon (1989)

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Letter from Karen Bru to Ann Hopkins, May 11, 1989, Karen Bru (1989)

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Card from Jan Blackford to Ann Hopkins, May 24, 1989, Jan Blackford (1989)

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Letter from Arlene D. Matteson to Ann Hopkins, May 30, 1989, Arlene D. Matteson (1989)

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Letter from Suzanne K. Schalig to Ann Hopkins, August 31, 1989, Suzanne K. Schalig (1989)

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Letter from Donald D. Storms to Ann Hopkins, September 9, 1989, Donald D. Storms (1989)

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Letter from Pat to Ann Hopkins, October 17, 1989, Pat (1989)

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Letter from Donald D. Storms to Ann Hopkins, November 5, 1989, Donald D. Storms (1989)

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Letter from Donald D. Storms to Ann Hopkins, November 6, 1989, Donald D. Storms (1989)

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Letter from Lillian C. Parrish to Ann Hopkins, January 19, 1990, Lillian C. Parrish (1990)

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Letter from Gret McCaleb to Ann Hopkins, March 1990, Gret McCaleb (1990)

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Memo from Carol A. Fields to Civil Rights Directors & Seminar Participants, March 26, 1990, Carol A. Fields (1990)

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Letter from Karen McLean to Ann Hopkins, May 1990, Karen McLean (1990)

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Card from Pat and John to Ann Hopkins, May 1990, Pat John (1990)

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Postcard from Molly Bidwell to Ann Hopkins, May 1990, Molly Bidwell (1990)

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Card from Carol Leinenbach to Ann Hopkins, May 1990, Carol Leinenbach (1990)

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Letter from Lorie Spencer to Ann Hopkins, May 15, 1990, Lorie Spencer (1990)

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Letter from Sandra Berlin to Ann Hopkins, May 15, 1990, Sandra Berlin (1990)

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Letter from Holly Post to Ann Hopkins, May 16, 1990, Holly Post (1990)

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Letter from Kathleen T. McGahran to Ann Hopkins, May 16, 1990, Kathleen T. McGahran (1990)

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Letter from Bobbie Birleffi to Ann Hopkins, May 16, 1990, Bobbie Birleffi (1990)

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Letter from Kay Deaux to Ann Hopkins, May 17, 1990, Kay Deaux (1990)

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Letter from Susan T. Fiske to Ann Hopkins, May 20, 1990, Susan T. Fiske (1990)

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Card from Erla Alexander to Ann Hopkins, May 24, 1990, Erla Alexander (1990)

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Letter from Beverly A. Holmgren to Ann Hopkins, May 29, 1990, Beverly A. Holmgren (1990)

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Letter from Mary K. McMahon to Ann Hopkins, May 29, 1990, Mary K. McMahon (1990)

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Letter from Marion G. Atkins to Ann Hopkins, June 1, 1990, Marion G. Atkins (1990)

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Memo from Nancy Harter to Ann Hopkins, June 1990, Nancy Harter (1990)

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Postcard from Marion G. Atkins to Ann Hopkins, June 22, 1990, Marion G. Atkins (1990)

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Letter from Teresa Contardo to Ann Hopkins, June 25, 1990, Teresa M. Contardo (1990)

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Letter from Radcliffe College to Ann Hopkins, June 26, 1990, Eva S. Moseley (1990)

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Letter from Catherine E. Malarkey to Ann Hopkins, July 4, 1990, Catherine E. Malarkey

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Letter from Margaret MacKenzie-Walker to Anne Hopkins, August 7, 1990, Margaret MacKenzie-Walker (1990)

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Letter from Karen Bru to Ann Hopkins, September 12, 1990, Karen Bru (1990)

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Letter from Dawn Austin to Ann Hopkins, September 20, 1990, Dawn Austin (1990)

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Poem by friend of Sally Craig about Ann Hopkins trial, circa October 1990 (1990)

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Letter from Susan T. Fiske to Ann Hopkins, October 17, 1990, Susan T. Fiske (1990)

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Letter from Ruby Lachica to Ann Hopkins, December 14, 1990, Ruby Lachica (1990)

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Letter from Barbara Toohey to Ann Hopkins, December 17, 1990, Barbara Toohey (1990)

Letter from Teresa Contardo, December 17, 1990, Teresa Contardo (1990)

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Letter from Teresa Contardo to Ann Hopkins, December 17, 1990, Teresa Contardo (1990)

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Letter from Elizabeth W. Layman to Ann Hopkins, December 26, 1990, Elizabeth W. Layman (1990)

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Note Card from Carol Venafra to Ann Hopkins, January 1991, Carol Venafra (1991)

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Letter from Cynthia Barry Bidwell to Ann Hopkins, January 11, 1991, Cynthia Barry Bidwell (1991)

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Letter from Saundra J. Hardbower to Ann Hopkins, January 30, 1991, Saundra J. Hardbower (1991)

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Letter from Bernard M. Shapiro to Ann Hopkins, March 21, 1991, Bernard M. Shapiro (1991)

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Letter from Ken Koprowski to Ann Hopkins, June 19, 1991, Ken Koprowski (1991)

Letter from Jill Makagon to Ann Hopkins, July 21, 1992, Jill Makagon (1992)

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Letter from Fred Carleton to Ann Hopkins, May 14, 1993, Fred Carleton (1993)

Letter from Jill Makagon to Ann Hopkins, May 26, 1993, Jill Makagon (1993)

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Letter from Joel A. Kurtzman to Ann Hopkins, June 15, 1993, Joel A. Kurtzman (1993)

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Postcard from Sue to Ann Hopkins, July 2, 1993, Sue (1993)

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Letter from Mary Roth Walsh to Ann Hopkins, October 22, 1993, Mary Roth Walsh (1993)

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Letter from Joanne Mary Johnson to Ann Hopkins, May 10, 1994, Joann Mary Johnson (1994)

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Letter from Sharon J. Geller to Ann Hopkins, October 19, 1994, Sharon J. Geller

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Letter from Fred Strebeigh to Ann Hopkins, May 6, 1995, Fred Strebrigh (1995)

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Letter from Craig W. Silverthorne to Ann Hopkins, August 8, 1995, Craig W. Silverthorne (1995)

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Letter from Sally K. Craig to Ann Hopkins, December 1995, Sally K. Craig (1995)

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Letter from Anna L. Lawson to Ann Hopkins, January 21, 1997, Anna L. Lawson (1997)

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Letter from Sully to Ann Hopkins, January 30, 1997, Sully (1997)

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Letter from Teresa Contardo to Ann Hopkins, February 3, 1997, Teresa Contardo (1997)

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Letter from John W. Zick to Ann Hopkins, October 23, 2000, John W. Zick (2000)

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Letter from Celeste, former Price Waterhouse employee, to Ann Hopkins, date unknown, Celeste (unknown)

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Letter from Doug Huron to Ann Hopkins, date unknown, Doug Huron (unknown)

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Note Card from Elizabeth Anderson Hishon to Ann Hopkins, date unknown, Elizabeth Hishon

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Note Card from Elizabeth Anderson Hishon to Ann Hopkins, date unknown, Elizabeth Hishon

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Note Card from Flo to Ann Hopkins, date unknown, Flo

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Note Card from Elizabeth Anderson Hishon to Ann Hopkins, date unknown, Elizabeth Hishon

Court Documents

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Deposition of Thomas E. Beyer, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-02-06)

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Deposition of Thomas E. Beyer, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (02-07-1985)

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Deposition of Benten B. Warder, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-02-12)

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Deposition of Ann B. Hopkins errata sheet w/ notes, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (2/22/1985)

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Deposition of Ann B. Hopkins, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (2/22/1985)

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Deposition of Donald R. Ziegler, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-01)

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Deposition of Ann B. Hopkins, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (3/08/1985)

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Deposition of Ann B. Hopkins errata sheet w/ notes (3/08/1985)

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Deposition of Lewis J. Krulwich, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-08)

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Deposition of Donald Eplebaum, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-08)

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Errata Sheet, Deposition of Ann B. Hopkins, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-11)

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Examination Before Trial: Joseph E. Connor, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-12)

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Examination Before Trial: Paul Goodstat, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-12)

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Civil Action No. 80-3040 Plaintiff's Trial Brief, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-14)

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Civil Action No. 84-3040 Plaintiff's Proposed Findings of Fact, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-14)

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Civil Action No. 84-3040 Plaintiff's First Set of Interrogatories, United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1985-03-14 (approximated))