The climate of political upheaval in Russia over the course of the 19th century reached a violent climax in the assassination of Tsar Alexander II in March of 1881. His death was the result of decades of civil unrest amongst Russian citizens who had taken hold of enlightenment ideas and sought justice for economic and social inequality. In a complex equation of issues and policies, the ways in which the women question combined with the surge of new ideas produced a unique and perfect storm. Russia was the epicenter of a collision between an underdeveloped infrastructure and changing philosophies about work, family, and society. This restructuring became ideal for the lives of anti-tsarist women and their deviant lives as activists, treasonous criminals, and feminist characters. Within the chaos, women who felt the sting of secondary citizenship could take their place as dissenters. Their unique perspectives allowed them to work for far different motivations than that of their male counterparts.
DeLong, Kayley, "Feminism in Revolution: Women of the 19th Century Anti-Tsarist Movements" (2016). Undergraduate Research Awards. Paper 27.